Are There Permanent Side Effects Of Adderall?

Written by Chloe Nicosia

What Are The Permanent Side Effects Of Adderall?

Adderall is legally prescribed to counteract the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It is primarily given to school-age children for short-term use to boost alertness, attention, and energy levels. Adderall increases the heart rate and can give the user feelings of invigoration and energy similar to the effects cocaine users experience. There are, however, permanent side effects of Adderall when it is misused, and it is on the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) Schedule II list of substances as a drug with a high potential for abuse.

Are There Permanent Side Effects Of Adderall?

Adderall is an amphetamine that can lead to both physical and psychological dependence. The effects on the user weaken if it is used more frequently, requiring higher doses to achieve the same experience. Some of the permanent side effects of Adderall can include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Headaches
  • Depression
  • Psychosis

Coming down from an Adderall high can often leave the user experiencing intense hunger and exhaustion. When Adderall is abused it drains the body’s resources in order to energize the brain. The heart suffers from stimulant abuse because it is forced to work so hard it causes strain on the whole cardiovascular system. In addition to high blood pressure and an irregular rhythm, the user may experience chest pain. If the user has an unknown heart problem, the abuse of Adderall can be fatal.

Effects Of Adderall Abuse

Often referred to as the “smart drug,” Adderall has become popular on college campuses and can pose serious health risks to the abuser of the drug. When Adderall is abused it may provide temporary feelings of intense invigoration similar to a cocaine high. The drug can create a sense of euphoria, but when it wears off the resulting effects of Adderall abuse include depression, lethargy, irritability, fatigue, and inability to concentrate. The reasons Adderall is abused include its reputation as a “study drug,” for weight loss, and to achieve a recreational high. The longer and more frequent the use of Adderall, the greater the risk of long-term dangerous side effects becomes. Five of the body’s key organs are affected by long-term Adderall abuse.

  • Brain
  • Heart and cardiovascular system
  • Liver
  • Kidneys
  • Lungs

The damage occurring to these organs can cause life-long health issues. Damage to the brain can affect the user’s mental capacity including the onset of psychosis and other schizophrenia-like symptoms . The long-term effects of Adderall abuse can cause permanent heart damage, tachycardia, and sudden cardiac death. Signs associated with liver damage include yellowing of eyes, itching, fatigue, edema, and confusion. Liver damage can lead to coma. Adderall abuse can include kidney failure. If the user injects or snorts the pill in a crushed form, there is risk if serious lung damage. Blood flow in small vessels can be blocked causing pulmonary hypertension, which can lead to permanent lung damage.

Adderall Effects On Brain

Just reading the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) medication guide for Adderall effects on brain should be of concern to users. The FDA warns the user to contact their doctor immediately in the event they experience any mental issues, “especially seeing or hearing things are not real, believing things that are not real, or are suspicious.” Users who have any mental health issues can experience a worsening of their problems. Psychotic symptoms for children are also listed in the FDA material under side effects. The risk for permanent mental problems is very real for those using Adderall.

If you, a child, or other loved one is using Adderall and experiencing side effects, you need to get help right away. A phone call to Better Addiction Care will help you locate the best facility and care for your loved one. Eighty-percent of Adderall users and their parents do not know the risks or how easy it is to start abusing the drug. Don’t wait another day to get help.

If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, get help right away. Make a phone call that will connect you to a professional drug treatment center. The call you make may save your life or the life of someone you love. Call us today at 1.800.429.7690.

Sources:

http://www.medicaldaily.com/adderalls-effect-your-brain-whatever-obscure-benefits-there-are-its-not-worth-it-313862

http://www.businessinsider.com/how-adderall-affects-your-body-and-brain-2014-5

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/stimulant-adhd-medications-methylphenidate-amphetamines