Crack Addiction Treatment – Why It’s Needed and What is Involved
Crack cocaine addiction is not something that can be ignored. In 2014, it was estimated that in the United States, 1.5 million people were actively using cocaine, including crack cocaine. Nationally, over 5,000 people died from the abuse of cocaine in 2014. Crack is a highly addictive substance which causes dependence and irrational behavior once an addiction has formed. But breaking a physical and mental addiction can be difficult. Thankfully, crack addiction treatment is available which has all of the components needed to overcome an addiction.
Crack is a type of cocaine. It is made by converting the base cocaine substance with the use of baking soda, ammonia and water. Once processed, it’s dried and broken down into little chips, or “rocks” as they are known on the streets. The process causes the effects of the cocaine to be greater, but also carries with it higher risks.
Effects of Crack on the Brain
In each of us, there is a process in the brain that controls the sensation of pleasure and reward. It is a part of the brain where dopamine is released and processed. Dopamine is a chemical messenger, but using crack causes interruption in this system.
In a healthy working brain, dopamine is quickly recycled, but crack causes this recycling process to stop, leading to a buildup of dopamine. This flood of dopamine is what causes the euphoric sensations in users. Of course, this process can be highly addictive as the brain starts to rewire itself due to the flood of dopamine. Eventually, the body can no longer produce dopamine in adequate amounts naturally, which causes the person to struggle to feel any sense of pleasure without more crack abuse and the abuse can lead to permanent damage to these systems.
Detox in Crack Addiction Treatment
The first thing that needs to be dealt with in crack addiction treatment is the withdrawal symptoms. To effectively deal with them, a medical detox is usually required. Medications can be given to reduce crack withdrawal symptoms, helping to get the individual to a receptive state for therapy.
Crack Addiction Treatment
Unlike other substances that aren’t physically addiction, crack addiction treatment requires that a person partake in a medical detox and work with an addiction specialist on problematic areas of their life.
The options available at crack addiction treatment centers include a host of 30, 60 and 90 day programs since the optimal treatment length for addiction is three months. Of course, these programs are offered in two main settings: inpatient and outpatient.
Inpatient offers a way for an addict to get away from everything in their life and put all of their focus on their mental and physical health. It helps by removing an addict from negative influences such as a toxic home environment or substance abusing friends. Furthermore, the addict won’t have access to any alcohol or drugs while at the facility, giving them a better chance at recovery.
Outpatient programs at crack addiction treatment centers offer an alternative to inpatient programs. Crack cocaine addiction can be treated in such a setting where the addict needs to come in for therapy and other treatments a few times a week – usually at times which fit with their schedule. The same types of treatments are used in outpatient as inpatient programs, making them as effective, but the risk of relapse is higher since the person isn’t being monitored around-the-clock.
If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, get help right away. Make a phone call that will connect you to a professional drug treatment center. The call you make may save your life or the life of someone you love. Call us today at 1.800.429.7690.